A McKenzie friend assists a litigant in person in a court of law in Northern Ireland. This person does not need to be legally qualified. The crucial point is that litigants in person are entitled to have assistance, lay or professional, unless there are exceptional circumstances.

Their role was set out most clearly in the eponymous 1970 case McKenzie v McKenzie. Although in many cases a McKenzie friend may be an actual friend, it is often somebody with knowledge of the area, and the trend is heavily in favour of admitting McKenzie friends. He or she is not covered by professional indemnity insurance.

The role is distinct from that of a next friend or of an amicus curiae.


With the growing number of Litigants in Person (LiP), the role of a McKenzie Friend has become more prominent of late, as has the need for clarification as to their role.
Helpful guidance is available in the form of the Law Society’s guide to Litigants in person for Lawyers and Bar Council’s guide on representing yourself, however, Chief Master Marsh recently provided further clarification in respect of the potential role of a McKenzie Friend as an advocate in the case of Ravenscroft v Canal & River Trust [2016] EWHC.
The usual role of a McKenzie friend is to assist a LiP with note taking, helping with papers and moral support etc. They are not conventionally to address the court with verbal submissions or act as an agent/representative of the LiP. This is not however an absolute rule and the above case sees the use of the rare power of the court authorising a ‘right of audience’ to a McKenzie friend.

Despite opposition from the other party, the Chief Master authorised the right for a specific McKenzie friend to act as it was decided that to do so would be of benefit to the proceedings. This right was however understood to be caveated with the clear point that if it was felt that such was being abused then this authority could be withdrawn.
Although specific to its circumstances, this appears now to show that if it benefits the proceedings and parties, the court will allow a McKenzie friend to act for a LiP, thus almost reversing their respective roles at a hearing, being the LiP taking notes and McKenzie friend advocating.

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McKenzie Friend & Advocacy Services For Charities

in Northern Ireland 




Trevor McKee - Phone: 07982 672434



Gregory Burke - Phone: 077452 71179



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